*In science, an effective theory is a scientific theory which proposes to describe a certain set of observations, but explicitly without the claim or implication that the mechanism employed in the theory has a direct counterpart in the actual causes of the observed phenomena to which the theory is fitted. I.e. the theory proposes to model a certain effect, without proposing to adequately model any of the causes which contribute to the effect.*

*Thus, an effective field theory is a theory which describes phenomena in solid-state physics”*

I use an approach where I exclude time when I try to define physical relationships. The reason is that I want to understand the state I am observing. By excluding time I limit reality to what happens in the present, right now. The present consists of points of information about the forces and the energy that flows in the system, time tells us about the effects that is the result of the instantaneous state

Temperature is the measure of kinetic energy in a volume of mass. The kinetic energy is a product of thermal energy flowing through mass. A measure of temperature is a measure of the flow of heat in a point, to the surroundings. In relation to the surroundings, temperature is also a measure of transfer. Heat flows from mass at a temperature, with the power depending only on the emissive power which we measure as temperature. That is confirmed by the draper point in the observed fact that emission/heat flow observed as glow from a body of any solid, **depend only on the temperature.
**

By eliminating time I stack transfer of heat on top of emissive power in the instantaneous state, and by doing so everything adds up.

The transfer of energy from a hotter temperature is determined by the emission from the receiver, so there is no action on a distance. The rate of transfer from the sun is determined by the emission of heat from the earth as it absorbs from a constant field. When earth rise in temperature, less solar heat is absorbed from transfer from the sun. The system is in a vacuum so we know this is true.

I have been thinking about photons. Photons are said to be both waves and particles that exist outside mass. How can we know that?

Any measurement involves some form of matter, a device, an eye, a fluid, a solid…etc. Photons are only observed as some form of interaction between mass and the flow of energy in the surrounding field. No one has observed a photon outside of mass, like in space. Because a measurement in vacuum would require an introduction of mass by the instrument, and where there is mass there is no vacuum.

When a photon leaves the sun and enters vacuum it is unaffected by space and time until it encounters mass. This is equal to not exist in space and time. As a point of energy, photons arrive at a location where there is mass. When absorbed, the photon is destroyed when entering the mass/matter. This is where we can measure and observe, inside mass at the boundary. When it is destroyed it turns into heat/kinetic energy, a kind of micro-work. The heat then expands in three dimensions.

The difference between the point of energy entering the space-time of mass, and the expansion in the three-dimensional volume, is time. The size of expansion is determined by the intensity of the point-energy and the amount of time passed since the destruction of the photon. If the state of the treedimensional volume in relation to the point-energy signal is only time, doesn´t that mean that we have 1 dimension of power signal and three dimensions of time? Doesn´t that mean that any volume of mass at a temperature is threedimensional time expansion of points of photon energy?

That would mean space=time and not space+time. Originating in points of energy.

But I don´t know what to make of the vacuum. We have no direct information about it. Until I understand it I consider it as nothing. An assumption based on the relationship to the photon-energy travelling in the vacuum. That relationship is non-existing, nothing.

Temperature is a measure of flowing points of energy, different points of emissive power/kinetic energy. They are independent of space-time and mass. They only depend on the flow of energy, which is itself. Three dimensions of mass/time expands like ripples. Everything we observe are effects from the past, the expansion in time. Except the observation of temperature, where we measure the present state in a point and it includes all transfers of energy from and to the surroundings.

All flows of energy are simultaneously balanced on earth, because removing time makes everything add up. I found it a bit hard to accept at first, that mass can be regarded as non-interacting on the heat flow. But the draper point says just that: emission from a solid depends only on the internal state measured as the temperature 798K(I know, there are exceptions, but they are irrelevant). The state of mass is determined by the heat flowing through a body while the heat flow depends on nothing.

But, what I write in this post is irrelevant. Only the numbers are relevant. Effective theory? I think instantaneous is more suitable. Or something. Blah, blah.

/Lit